Tibet Autonomous Region is located in southwest China and borders Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces.
In south and west, it borders Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal and Kashmir area. It has an area of 1.22 million square kilometers and a population of 2.6163 million. Of its more than 30 ethnic groups such as Han, Monba, Lhoba, Hui, Mongol, Naxi and Nu, the Tibetan account for more than 92.2 percent.
The main part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the region has an average elevation of more than 4,000 meters and is famous as the "Roof of the world" and the "Third pole of the earth." The Mt. Qomolangma in the bordering area of China and Nepal is 8,848.13 meters tall, the highest peak in the world.
Tibet has a plateau climate featuring a remarkable change vertically and a big temperature change during the daytime and the night. The North Tibet Plateau is dry and cold. It has a low temperature, a long sunshine time, a strong radiation, less rainfalls and a small density of air.
Agriculture and Livestork are the economic pillars of Tibet, cultivating mainly sheep, goats and yaks, and growing mainly barley, wheat, potato and rape. Also the region produces the famous medicinal such as musk, pilose antler and snow lotus, which enjoy a good reputation at home and abroad. Tibet leads the country in the deposits of hydropower and thermal power and ranks second in the solar energy in the world.